278 HISTORY OF PERSIA CHAP. of the whole business. On the other hand, the merchants were most unwilling to sacrifice the trade so painfully started, and they were Englishmen of the period, ready to take great risks. In the end they agreed to co-operate, and the follow- ing terms were quickly arranged with Imam Kuli Khan : —(a) An equal division of spoils ; (£) an equal division of customs dues when Hormuz was taken ; the English to be free of all duties in perpetuity ; (<:) the Christian prisoners to be handed over to the English and the Moslems to the Persians ; and (a) the Persians to pay half the expenses of the fleet for supplies. These preliminaries having been arranged, the seamen had to be won over. At first they refused, "alleaging it was no merchandizing business, nor were they hired for any such exploit." However, by a mixture of threats and promises this difficulty was overcome, and in January 1622 the squadron put to sea. The captains first made for Hormuz, hoping that the Portuguese fleet would accept the challenge, but when it was evident that the enemy had no intention of taking it up they sailed for Kishm, some fifteen miles away. There they found Ruy Freire, who had previously fought them, in command. After futile negotiations the fort was bombarded, but with litde effect. A battery of five guns was then set up on land. The artillery practice was remarkable, a gun on the wall of the fort being dismounted at the first shot; a breach was effected and the Portuguese surrendered. The casualties were trifling, but among the killed was William Baffin, of Arctic fame. To quote from Purchas, his Pilgrimes : " Master Baffin went on shoare with his Geometricall Instruments, for the taking the height and distance of the castle wall; but as he was about the same, he received a small shot from the Castle into his belly, wherewith he gave three leapes, by report, and died immediately." * After this success, which must have raised the spirits of the allies, the expedition anchored off Hormuz. The Persians immediately landed a large force which took 1 Vol. ii. p. 1792.